Know Stroke FAST!
Presented By: DeRenda Warren RN, MSN By Jose Vega M.D., Ph.D. – Stroke ExpertWarning signs of a stroke may appear as early as seven days before an attack and require urgent treatment to prevent serious damage to the brain, according to a study of stroke patients published in the March 8, 2005 issue of Neurology.The study examined 2, 416 people who had experienced an ischemic stroke. In 549 patients, TIAs were experienced prior to the ischemic stroke and in most cases occurred within the preceding seven days: 17 percent occurring on the day of the stroke, 9 percent on the previous day, and 43 percent at some point during the seven days prior to the stroke.Common Symptoms of a TIAWhile similar to those of a stroke, the symptoms of a TIA are temporary, and include:• Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body• Sudden confusion or problems understanding• Sudden difficulty speaking• Sudden vision difficulty in one or both eyes• Sudden dizziness, loss of balance or coordination, or difficulty walking• Sudden, severe headache with no apparent causeFAST – Here is what each letter stands for, and how it can help you get someone with a stroke the appropriate treatment, FAST:• F=Face—ask the person to smile. If one side of the face appears crooked or drooping this person may be having a stroke• A=Arms—ask the person to lift both of his or her arms in the air—if he or she has difficulty with one arm this too might be a sign that this person is having a stroke• S=Speech—ask the person to speak. If his or her words are slurred or they are unable to speak, they might be having a stroke.• T=T is for time. If any of the above symptoms are present you must call 911 immediately in order to make sure that this person reaches the hospital FAST.