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Ganoderma

Ganoderma

By Floyd Miller

 

 

 

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Ganoderma is a genus of polypore mushrooms which grow on wood, usually of Quercusvariabilis Blume logs, and include about 80 species, many from tropical regions.[1]Because of their extensive use in traditional Asian medicines, and theirpotential in bioremediation, they are a very important genus economically. Ganodermacan be differentiated from other polypores because they have a double walled basidiospore.They are popularly referred to as shelf mushroomsor bracket fungi. Ganodermaare characterized by basidiocarps that are large,perennial, woody brackets, also called “conks”.They are lignicolous,leathery,and either with or without a stem. The fruit bodies typically grow in a fanlikeor hooflike form on the trunks of living or dead trees. They havedouble-walled, truncate sporeswith yellow to brown ornamented inner layers. {{more}} Several species of Ganodermacontain many bioactive compounds , such as triterpenoidsand polysaccharides.[citationneeded] Moreover, G. lucidum contains the largest variety ofcellulose-, lignin-, and xylan-digesting enzymes, which are being used inbiomass remediation and industrial sludge processing. Collectively, the Ganodermaspecies are being investigated for a variety of potential therapeutic benefits:[15][16][17][18] anticancer effects immunoregulatory effects antioxidant activities liver-protecting effects hypoglycemic effects antibacterial effects antiviral effects antifungal effects reducing blood cholesterol